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作物抗病性的分子、遗传和基因组学研究进展-Disease Resistance in Crop Plants: Molecular, Genetic and Genomic Perspectives

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标题(title):Disease Resistance in Crop Plants: Molecular, Genetic and Genomic Perspectives
作物抗病性的分子、遗传和基因组学研究进展
作者(author):Shabir Hussain Wani
出版社(publisher):Springer International Publishing
大小(size):6 MB (6077340 bytes)
格式(extension):pdf
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Human population is escalating at an enormous pace and is estimated to reach 9.7 billion by 2050. As a result, there will be an increase in demand for agricultural production by 60–110% between the years 2005 and 2050 at the global level; the number will be even more drastic in the developing world. Pathogens, animals, and weeds are altogether responsible for between 20 to 40 % of global agricultural productivity decrease. As such, managing disease development in plants continues to be a major strategy to ensure adequate food supply for the world. Accordingly, both the public and private sectors are moving to harness the tools and paradigms that promise resistance against pests and diseases. While the next generation of disease resistance research is progressing, maximum disease resistance traits are expected to be polygenic in nature and controlled by selective genes positioned at putative quantitative trait loci (QTLs). It has also been realized that sources of resistance are generally found in wild relatives or cultivars of lesser agronomic significance. However, introgression of disease resistance traits into commercial crop varieties typically involves many generations of backcrossing to transmit a promising genotype. Molecular marker-assisted breeding (MAB) has been found to facilitate the pre-selection of traits even prior to their expression. To date, researchers have utilized disease resistance genes (R-genes) in different crops including cereals, pulses, and oilseeds and other economically important plants, to improve productivity. Interestingly, comparison of different R genes that empower plants to resist an array of pathogens has led to the realization that the proteins encoded by these genes have numerous features in common. The above observation therefore suggests that plants may have co-evolved signal transduction pathways to adopt resistance against a wide range of divergent pathogens. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms necessary for pathogen identification and a thorough dissection of the cellular responses to biotic stresses will certainly open new vistas for sustainable crop disease management. This book summarizes the recent advances in molecular and genetic techniques that have been successfully applied to impart disease resistance for plants and crops. It integrates the contributions from plant scientists targeting disease resistance mechanisms using molecular, genetic, and genomic approaches. This collection therefore serves as a reference source for scientists, academicians and post graduate students interested in or are actively engaged in dissecting disease resistance in plants using advanced genetic tools.








Table of contents :
Front Matter ....Pages i-xii
Impact of Biotic and Abiotic Stresses on Plants, and Their Responses (Bilal Ahmad, Aamir Raina, Samiullah Khan)....Pages 1-19
Cloning of Genes Underlying Quantitative Resistance for Plant Disease Control (P. S. Shanmugavadivel, K. Aravind Kumar, K. R. Soren, Garima Yadav)....Pages 21-44
CRISPR-Based Tools for Crop Improvement: Understanding the Plant–Pathogen Interaction (Shazia Mukhtar, Meenakshi Raina, Jebi Sudan, Aejaz Ahmad Dar, Ananda Mustafiz, Sumita Kumari)....Pages 45-59
Disease Resistance in Wheat: Present Status and Future Prospects (Mandeep S. Randhawa, Sridhar Bhavani, Pawan K. Singh, Julio Huerta-Espino, Ravi P. Singh)....Pages 61-81
Rice, Marker-Assisted Breeding, and Disease Resistance (Sahil Mehta, Baljinder Singh, Priyanka Dhakate, Mehzabin Rahman, Md Aminul Islam)....Pages 83-111
Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS) on Disease Resistance in Maize (Vivek Shrestha, Mani Awale, Avinash Karn)....Pages 113-130
Molecular Breeding Approaches for Disease Resistance in Sugarcane (Mehzabin Rahman, Sabira Sultana, Deepshikha Nath, Surya Kalita, Dhiresh Chakravarty, Sahil Mehta et al.)....Pages 131-155
Molecular Breeding for Resistance to Economically Important Diseases of Pulses (Parmeshwar K. Sahu, Vinod J. Dhole, Suvendu Mondal)....Pages 157-198
Molecular Breeding for Resistance to Economically Important Diseases of Fodder Oat (Pawan Saini, Mudasir Gani, Pooja Saini, Javaid Akhter Bhat, Rose Mary Francies, Narender Negi et al.)....Pages 199-239
Charcoal Rot Resistance in Soybean: Current Understanding and Future Perspectives (Vennampally Nataraj, Sanjeev Kumar, Giriraj Kumawat, M. Shivakumar, Laxman Singh Rajput, Milind B. Ratnaparkhe et al.)....Pages 241-259
Barley, Disease Resistance, and Molecular Breeding Approaches (Baljinder Singh, Sahil Mehta, Sumit Kumar Aggarwal, Manish Tiwari, Shafiqul Islam Bhuyan, Sabhyata Bhatia et al.)....Pages 261-299
Back Matter ....Pages 301-307
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