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制度的认知基础:行为经济学与制度经济学的综合-The Cognitive Basis of Institutions: A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutio

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标题(title):The Cognitive Basis of Institutions: A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutional Economics
制度的认知基础:行为经济学与制度经济学的综合
作者(author):Shinji Teraji
出版社(publisher):Academic Press
大小(size):6 MB (5812435 bytes)
格式(extension):pdf
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Societies display large differences in economic performance. The institu-
tional characteristics of societies underlie these differences. From a cognitive
viewpoint, this book asks: what are institutions and how do they evolve? The
book highlights some basic mechanisms of interaction between mental phe-
nomena and institutions. Understanding institutions is ultimately about
understanding how we think.
Institutions are a matter of the mind. The mind is not a completely exter-
nal object of analysis. Behavioral decision theory can enhance the analysis
of institutional features. Since institutions are composed of individuals who
are subject to heuristics and biases, institutions and their decision-making
rules can either magnify or mitigate the impact of heuristics and biases.
Furthermore, in an institutional position, its decision-making rules and proce-
dures may themselves lead to the emergence and reinforcement of heuristics
and biases. Institutional structures are complex: individual elements are inter-
dependent and self-organizing. Past experience is encapsulated in institu-
tional rules. By following rules, individuals reduce their uncertainty about
the possible outcomes that their social interactions can bring about.
Institutions then become uncertainty-reducing devices.

Table of contents :
Cover......Page 1
The Cognitive Basis of Institutions: A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutional Economics
......Page 3
Copyright......Page 4
Preface......Page 5
1.1 Institutions and Rules......Page 10
1.2 Belief Systems......Page 15
1.3 Norms and Coordination......Page 21
1.4 Organizations......Page 26
References......Page 38
2.1 Introduction......Page 42
2.2 Old Institutional Economics......Page 43
2.3 New Institutional Economics......Page 46
2.4 Incentives and Efficiency......Page 51
2.5 Trust and Property Rights......Page 54
2.5.1 Overview of the Model......Page 57
2.5.2 The Model......Page 59
2.5.3 Analysis......Page 61
2.6 Institutional Inequality......Page 66
2.6.1 Background......Page 69
2.6.2 The Model......Page 72
2.6.3 Analysis......Page 74
2.6.4 Discussion......Page 78
2.7 Summary......Page 81
References......Page 82
Further Reading......Page 85
3.1 The Economics of Behavior......Page 86
3.2 Nudges......Page 90
3.3.1 Hyperbolic Discounting......Page 93
3.3.2 Addiction......Page 98
3.4 Herds......Page 100
3.4.1 The Framework......Page 104
3.4.2 Behavior......Page 106
3.4.3 Collective Configurations of Opinions......Page 108
3.4.4 Web Herd Behavior: An Example......Page 111
3.5 Culture......Page 113
3.6 Culture and Hierarchy......Page 117
3.6.1 The Setting......Page 120
3.6.2 The Framework......Page 122
3.6.3 Analysis......Page 124
3.7 Possible Selves......Page 128
3.7.1 The Setting......Page 131
3.7.2 The Framework......Page 134
3.7.3 Self-Confidence and Economic Performance......Page 137
3.8 Summary......Page 141
References......Page 142
4.1 Introduction......Page 146
4.2 Bounded Rationality......Page 150
4.3 Ecological Rationality......Page 159
4.4 Entrepreneurship......Page 163
4.5 Summary......Page 173
References......Page 175
5.1 Introduction......Page 178
5.2 Reputation......Page 180
5.3 Social Preferences......Page 183
5.4 Altruism and Envy......Page 186
5.4.1 The Model......Page 189
5.4.2 The Evolution of Norms......Page 190
5.5 Altruistic Punishment......Page 195
5.6 Norm Compliance......Page 199
5.6.1 The Model......Page 201
5.6.2 Choice of “x”......Page 204
5.6.3 Choice of “p”......Page 205
5.6.4 Evolution of “µ”......Page 206
5.7 Corporate Social Performance......Page 209
5.7.1 Overview......Page 214
5.7.2 The Model......Page 218
5.7.3 Discussion......Page 221
5.8 Conservation on the Commons......Page 226
5.8.1 The Model......Page 228
5.8.2 Equilibrium and Behavior......Page 229
5.8.3 Identity and Resource Dynamics......Page 231
References......Page 236
6.1 Introduction......Page 242
6.2 Sensory Order......Page 245
6.3 Mind and Institutions......Page 254
6.4 Complexity and Society......Page 262
6.5 Summary......Page 267
References......Page 268
Further Reading......Page 270
7.1 Introduction......Page 271
7.2 Dispersed Knowledge......Page 273
A Note on Common Knowledge......Page 279
7.3 Rules of Conduct......Page 282
7.4 Salience......Page 293
7.5.1 Culture and Social Learning......Page 301
7.5.2 Culture and Path Dependence......Page 306
7.6 Summary......Page 312
References......Page 313
8.1 Introduction......Page 317
8.2 Institutions as Rules......Page 321
8.3 Institutions as Equilibria......Page 325
8.4 Understanding Coevolution......Page 331
8.5 Cultural Evolution......Page 340
8.6 Summary......Page 349
References......Page 350
Index......Page 354
Back COver......Page 360

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