menu 简单麦麦
account_circle

变为度量型:研究人员的文献计量指南-Becoming Metric-Wise: A Bibliometric Guide for Researchers

帮助2570人找到了他们想要的文件
上传于 2020-03-02 18次下载 1324次围观
文件编号:6047
文件详情
标题(title):Becoming Metric-Wise: A Bibliometric Guide for Researchers
变为度量型:研究人员的文献计量指南
作者(author):Ronald Rousseau, Leo Egghe, Raf Guns
出版社(publisher):Chandos Publishing
大小(size):6 MB (6481447 bytes)
格式(extension):pdf
注意:如果文件下载完成后为无法打开的格式,请修改后缀名为格式对应后缀

Description
Becoming Metric-Wise: A Bibliometric Guide for Researchers aims to inform researchers about metrics so that they become aware of the evaluative techniques being applied to their scientific output. Understanding these concepts will help them during their funding initiatives, and in hiring and tenure. The book not only describes what indicators do (or are designed to do, which is not always the same thing), but also gives precise mathematical formulae so that indicators can be properly understood and evaluated. Metrics have become a critical issue in science, with widespread international discussion taking place on the subject across scientific journals and organizations.

As researchers should know the publication-citation context, the mathematical formulae of indicators being used by evaluating committees and their consequences, and how such indicators might be misused, this book provides an ideal tome on the topic.
Table of contents :
Cover......Page 1
Becoming Metric-Wise: A Bibliometric Guide
for Researchers
......Page 3
Copyright......Page 4
Biographies......Page 5
Preface......Page 7
Acronyms......Page 9
1.1 Metrics in the Information Sciences......Page 12
1.2 A Short Overview of Topics Studied in the Field of Informetrics......Page 16
1.3 Instruments......Page 17
1.4 Other Metrics and the Larger Picture......Page 18
1.5.1 Numbers......Page 19
1.5.3 Sets......Page 20
2.1.2 Scientific Research......Page 22
2.2.1 Types of Scientific Discoveries: Koshland’s cha-cha-cha Theory......Page 28
2.2.2 Replication Research......Page 30
2.2.3 Shneider’s Typology of Scientists......Page 31
2.2.4 Scientific Communication......Page 33
2.3.1 Types of Publications......Page 34
2.3.2 Steps in the Publication Process......Page 36
Major Steps Between Submission and Publication......Page 38
2.3.4 Qualifying for Authorship......Page 39
2.3.5 Collaboration......Page 42
2.3.6 Invisible Colleges......Page 43
2.4.2 Usage......Page 44
2.4.3 Citation Analysis......Page 46
3.1.1 Peer Review......Page 47
3.1.2 The Editor-In-Chief and the Editorial Board......Page 49
3.1.3 The Editorial Process......Page 50
3.1.4 Deontology of Authors, Editors, and Reviewers (De George & Woodward, 1994)......Page 52
3.1.5 Review Systems......Page 54
3.1.6 Editorial Decision Schemes......Page 56
3.1.7 Rejection Rate......Page 59
Review(er) Delay......Page 60
Citation Delay......Page 61
3.2.2 Definitions: Gold and Green Open Access......Page 62
3.2.4 Retrieving Articles......Page 64
3.2.5 Predatory Journals......Page 65
3.2.6 Delayed Open Access: An Oxymoron......Page 66
3.2.7 The OA Impact Advantage......Page 67
3.2.8 Davis’ Randomized Controlled Trial on Gold OA......Page 68
3.3 Scientific Misconduct: Fraud, Plagiarism, Retraction and the Integrity of the Publication Record......Page 69
3.3.1 Plagiarism and Duplication......Page 70
3.3.2 Fraud......Page 71
3.3.3 Fake Reviews......Page 72
3.3.4 Retractions......Page 73
3.3.5 A Note on Irreproducibility......Page 74
4.1 Introduction......Page 76
4.2.1 Nominal Categories......Page 77
4.2.3 Interval Scales......Page 79
4.2.4 An Illustration......Page 80
4.3 Measures of Central Tendency......Page 82
4.3.2 The Geometric and the Harmonic Mean......Page 83
4.3.3 The Median......Page 85
4.4.2 The Quantile Function......Page 86
Procedure 1......Page 87
Procedure 2......Page 88
4.5 Measures of Statistical Dispersion......Page 89
4.5.2 The Range......Page 90
4.6.2 Boxplots......Page 91
4.7.1 Regression......Page 92
4.7.2 Pearson Correlation......Page 93
4.8 Nonparametric Linear Regression......Page 94
4.9 Contingency Tables......Page 95
4.10.1 The 80/20 Rule......Page 96
4.10.3 The Gini Coefficient (Also Known as the Gini Index) (Gini, 1909)......Page 97
4.12 The Normal Distribution......Page 99
4.12.1 The z-score......Page 101
4.13.1 Test of Independence in Contingency Tables......Page 102
4.13.2 Mann-Whitney U-test for Equality of Distributions (Mann & Whitney, 1947)......Page 104
4.14 Concluding Remarks on Statistics......Page 106
5.1.2 Definition: By-Line Country Correspondence......Page 107
5.1.5 Scientific Contributions and the Act of Citing......Page 108
5.1.8 Applications of Publication and Citation Analysis......Page 110
5.2.2 History of the Science Citation Index......Page 111
5.2.3 Competitors for Thomson Reuters......Page 112
5.2.4 Advantages of a Citation Index......Page 113
5.3.2 A List of Less Acceptable Reasons to Cite......Page 114
5.3.3 What Happens in Reality?......Page 115
5.4.2 The Chubin-Moitra Classification Scheme......Page 116
5.4.3 White’s Synthesis......Page 117
5.5 Authors and Their Citation Environment......Page 119
5.6.1 Problems Related to Publication and Citation Counts (Egghe & Rousseau, 1990)......Page 121
5.6.2 Self-Citations......Page 124
5.6.3 Coauthorship and Counting Contributions......Page 126
5.7 A Note on Eponyms......Page 130
5.9.1 Generalities on Citation Networks or Graphs......Page 131
5.9.2 Mathematical Theorems About Citation Graphs......Page 133
5.9.3 The Publication and Citation Process Described by Matrices......Page 136
Matrices and how to Multiply Them......Page 137
5.10.1 Bibliographic Coupling......Page 139
5.10.2 Cocitations......Page 144
5.10.3 Applications of Bibliographic Coupling and Cocitation Analysis......Page 147
5.12 Highly-Cited Documents Become Concept Symbols......Page 148
5.13.2 Definition: Citation Generations in a Uni-Directed Citation Network......Page 149
5.13.3 An Illustrative Example......Page 151
5.14 Delayed Recognition and Sleeping Beauties......Page 153
5.15 A Short Description of the Web of Science......Page 156
5.16 Scopus......Page 158
5.17 Google Scholar (GS)......Page 159
5.18 Comparisons......Page 160
5.19 Final Remarks......Page 161
6.1 Scientific Journals......Page 162
6.3 The Publication-Citation Matrix of a Journal and the Garfield-Sher (1963) Impact Factor: Introduction......Page 163
6.4.1 Definition of the Journal Impact Factor......Page 165
6.4.2 An Example and a Warning......Page 166
6.5 Diachronous Impact Factors......Page 167
6.6 More on Publication-Citation Matrices and Impact Factors......Page 168
6.6.1 A General Framework for Calculating Impact (Frandsen & Rousseau, 2005): A First Proposal......Page 169
6.6.2 A General Framework for Calculating Impact (Frandsen & Rousseau, 2005): An Alternative......Page 170
6.7.1 Expanding or Restricting the Citation Pool......Page 171
6.7.2 Normalization......Page 172
6.7.3 Meta-Journal Indicators (Egghe and Rousseau, 1996a,b)......Page 173
6.7.4 Citable Publications......Page 174
6.8 The h-index for Journals......Page 175
6.9.1 A Short Description of the Pinski-Narin Algorithm......Page 176
6.9.2 Calculating the Eigenfactor Score and the Article Influence Score......Page 178
6.9.3 Advantages of the Eigenfactor Score and Related Journal Indicators (Franceschet, 2010b)......Page 179
6.10 Correlations Between Journal Indicators......Page 180
6.11 The Audience Factor......Page 181
6.12.1 Definition of the SNIP Indicator......Page 182
6.12.2 The New SNIP Indicator......Page 183
6.13 Clarivate Analytics’ Journal Citation Reports......Page 185
6.13.1 WoS Categories......Page 186
6.13.2 Indicators Available in the JCR......Page 187
6.14 Structure of the SCImago Database......Page 191
6.15 Problems Related to Impact Factors (Moed, 2005a; Stock, 2009; Vanclay, 2012)......Page 193
6.17 Who Makes use of Bibliometric Indicators? (Stock, 2009)......Page 195
6.18 Ranking Journals (Rousseau et al., 2015; Xu et al., 2015)......Page 196
6.18.1 Peer Review Based Approach......Page 197
6.18.2 Citation Based Approach......Page 198
6.18.3 Combination of the Two Approaches......Page 199
6.18.4 Other Journal Ranking Indicators......Page 200
6.19 The Median Impact Factor......Page 201
6.20.1 Elementary Considerations on Impact Factors......Page 202
6.20.2 A Property of the Basic Journal Citation Model......Page 203
6.21 Additional Information......Page 205
7.1.2 Some Remarks on Indicators......Page 207
7.1.4 Normalization......Page 208
7.2.1 Coauthorship Roles......Page 209
7.2.2 Forms of Collaboration......Page 210
7.2.3 Measures of Collaboration (Egghe, 1991; Rousseau, 2011)......Page 211
7.3.1 Definition......Page 213
7.3.2 Advantages and Disadvantages of the h-index......Page 215
7.4.1 The Rational h-index......Page 218
7.4.2 The Interpolated h-index......Page 219
7.4.3 The m-quotient......Page 220
7.4.4 Year-Based h-indices......Page 221
7.5.1 The g-index......Page 223
7.5.2 The R- and R2-index......Page 225
7.6.4 The h-index of a Single Publication......Page 226
7.7 A General Impact Factor......Page 227
7.8.1 The Success Index......Page 229
7.8.3 Success Multipliers (Rousseau & Rousseau, 2016)......Page 230
7.9 Percentile Rank Score and the Integrated Impact Indicator (Leydesdorff & Bornmann, 2011)......Page 231
7.10 Citation Merit......Page 232
7.11.1 The General Framework......Page 233
7.11.2 Types of Time Series of Citation Indicators......Page 234
7.12.1 Definitions......Page 241
7.13.1 Openness Indices......Page 244
7.13.2 Affinity Indices......Page 246
7.13.3 Synchronous Impact Factors in So’s Framework......Page 247
7.14 Prathap’s Thermodynamic Indicators......Page 248
7.15 Characteristic Scores and Scales......Page 249
7.16 Concluding Remarks......Page 250
8 Research Evaluation......Page 252
8.1.2 Elements Used in Research Evaluation......Page 253
8.1.3 Benefits Resulting From Research Evaluation......Page 254
Basic Assumptions for the use of Citations in Evaluations (Smith, 1981)......Page 255
Citation Statistics, Especially for Single Articles, do not Always Reflect Scientific Excellence......Page 257
Differences Between Scientific Disciplines......Page 258
Emerging Fields......Page 259
8.2 The Leiden
-到底部了哦-
微信扫码支付
变为度量型:研究人员的文献计量指南-Becoming Metric-Wise: A Bibliometric Guide for Researchers
支付金额: 共计:¥0.0

添加收藏

创建新合集