menu 简单麦麦
account_circle

聚乳酸:聚乳酸加工、制造和应用的实用指南-Polylactic Acid: A Practical Guide for the Processing, Manufacturing, and Appli

帮助2569人找到了他们想要的文件
上传于 2020-03-02 21次下载 451次围观
文件编号:5991
文件详情
标题(title):Polylactic Acid: A Practical Guide for the Processing, Manufacturing, and Applications of PLA
聚乳酸:聚乳酸加工、制造和应用的实用指南
作者(author):Lee Tin Sin, Bee Soo Tueen
出版社(publisher):PDL
大小(size):23 MB (23673315 bytes)
格式(extension):pdf
注意:如果文件下载完成后为无法打开的格式,请修改后缀名为格式对应后缀

Polylactic Acid: A Practical Guide for the Processing, Manufacturing, and Applications of PLA, Second Edition, provides a practical guide for engineers and scientists working in PLA and on the development of emerging new products. The current market situation for PLA and biodegradable polymers is described, along with applications across a range of market sectors. In addition, the mechanical, chemical, thermal, rheology and degradation properties are included. Updates include new chapters covering various processing methods, as well as recycling methods, and additives and processing aids. New applications cover a range of products (including 3D Printing), and an environmental assessment, including regulatory aspects.

The book is not only a useful introduction to this topic, but also a practical, readily applicable reference book that will support decision-making in the plastics industry.
Table of contents :
Cover......Page 1
PLASTICS DESIGN LIBRARY (PDL) PDL HANDBOOK SERIES......Page 3
Polylactic Acid: Practical Guide for the
Processing, Manufacturing, and
Applications of PLA
......Page 4
Copyright......Page 5
Dedication......Page 6
About the Authors......Page 7
Preface......Page 8
1.1 Background to Biodegradable Polymers......Page 10
1.2 Market Potential of Biodegradable Polymers and Polylactic Acid......Page 20
1.3.1 Polylactic Acid for Domestic Applications......Page 37
1.3.2 Polylactic Acid and Copolymers for Biomedical Applications......Page 50
References......Page 58
2.1 Introduction......Page 62
2.2 Lactic Acid Production......Page 63
2.2.1 Laboratory-Scale Production of Lactic Acid......Page 73
2.3 Lactide and Poly(Lactic Acid) Production......Page 74
2.3.1 Review of Lactide Production Technology......Page 75
2.3.2 Polymerization and Copolymerization of Lactide......Page 80
2.3.3 Lactide Copolymer......Page 84
2.3.4 Quality Control......Page 85
2.3.5 Quantification of Residual Lactide in Poly(Lactic Acid) (NatureWorks L.L.C., 2010b)......Page 86
2.3.5.1 Calculations......Page 88
2.3.6 Quantification of d-Lactic Acid Content in Poly(Lactic Acid) (NatureWorks L.L.C., 2010a)......Page 89
2.4.1 Direct Polycondensation Route......Page 90
2.4.2 Ring-Opening Polymerization Route......Page 93
References......Page 101
Further Reading......Page 104
3.1 Introduction......Page 105
3.2 Thermal Transition and Crystallization of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 107
3.2.1 Effect of Crystallization Temperature on Crystal Modifications......Page 118
3.2.2 Effect of Nucleating Agents on Crystallization of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 122
3.3 Thermal Decomposition......Page 124
3.4 Heat Capacity, Thermal Conductivity, and Pressure–Volume–Temperature of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 131
References......Page 137
4.1 Introduction......Page 142
4.2 Stereochemistry of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 144
4.3.1 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy......Page 153
4.3.2 Infrared Spectroscopy......Page 155
4.4 Solubility and Barrier Properties of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 161
4.4.1 Solubility of Polylactic Acid......Page 162
4.4.2 Permeability of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 164
References......Page 170
5.1 Introduction......Page 174
5.2 Effect of Crystallinity and Molecular Weight on the Mechanical Properties of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 176
5.3 Effect of Modifiers/Plasticizers on Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 179
5.4 Polymer Blends of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 186
5.4.1 Poly(Lactic Acid) and Polycaprolactone Blend......Page 187
5.5 Blends of Polylactide With Degradable or Partially Degradable Polymers......Page 192
5.5.1 Blends of Polylactide and Polyhydroxyalkanoates......Page 195
5.5.2 Poly(Lactic Acid) Blends With Nondegradable Polymers......Page 199
References......Page 206
6.1 Introduction......Page 210
6.2 Rheological Properties of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 211
6.3 Effects of Molecular Weight......Page 214
6.4 Effects of Branching......Page 218
6.5 Extensional Viscosity......Page 220
6.7.1 Poly(Lactic Acid)/Poly(Butylene Adipate-co-Terephthalate) Blend......Page 221
6.7.2 Blend With Layered Silicate Nanocomposites......Page 224
6.7.3 Poly(Lactic Acid)/Polystyrene Blend......Page 226
References......Page 230
7.1 Introduction......Page 233
7.2 Factors Affecting Poly(Lactic Acid) Degradation......Page 234
7.3 Hydrolytic and Enzymatic Degradation of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 240
7.4 Environmental Degradation of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 249
7.5 Thermal Degradation of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 261
7.6 Flame Resistance of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 269
References......Page 275
8.1 Limitations of Poly(Lactic Acid) in Processing and Applications......Page 279
8.2.1 Reinforcing Fillers......Page 282
8.3 Improved Heat Deflection Temperature and Heat Resistance......Page 292
8.3.1 The Addition of Nucleation Agents......Page 293
8.3.2 Blending of Poly(Lactic Acid) With Heat Resistance Polymers......Page 296
8.3.3 Compounding Poly(Lactic Acid) Composites With Nano-Scale Natural Fibers......Page 297
8.4 Flow Enhancement, Melt Strength, Faster Molding Time......Page 298
8.4.1 Cross-Linking Agents......Page 299
8.4.3 Blending With Other Polymers......Page 300
8.4.4 Plasticizers......Page 301
8.5.1 Antistatic Agents......Page 302
8.5.2 Impact Modifier......Page 303
8.5.3 Fiber Compatibilizer/Coupling Agents......Page 305
8.6 Conclusion......Page 306
References......Page 307
Further Reading......Page 311
9.1 Extrusion......Page 312
9.2 Blow Molding......Page 314
9.3 Injection Molding......Page 317
9.4 Thermoforming......Page 319
9.5.1 3D Printing......Page 321
9.5.2 Electron Beam Irradiation......Page 324
9.6 Recycling Methods and Sustainability of Poly(Lactic Acid) and Its Composites......Page 325
9.7 Conclusion......Page 327
References......Page 328
10.1 Introduction......Page 330
10.2.1 Drying......Page 331
10.2.2 Storage......Page 332
10.2.3 Purging......Page 333
10.3 Comparison of Injection Molding Poly(Lactic Acid) and Other Polymers......Page 334
10.4.1 Printing of Poly(Lactic Acid)......Page 342
10.4.2 Three-Dimensional Printing of Poly(Lactic Acid) for Medical Applications......Page 345
10.5 Conclusion......Page 347
References......Page 349
11.1 Introduction......Page 351
11.2 Poly(Lactic Acid) for Domestic Applications......Page 352
11.5 Conclusion......Page 366
References......Page 367
12.1 Introduction......Page 368
12.2 Poly(Lactic Acid) Eco-profile and Comparisons With Other Materials......Page 369
12.3 Environmental Profile for Poly(Lactic Acid) Food Packaging and Global Warming Potential......Page 379
12.4 List of International Standards for Biodegradable Polymeric Materials......Page 383
12.5 Conclusion......Page 388
References......Page 389
Further Reading......Page 390
Index......Page 391
Back Cover......Page 408

-到底部了哦-
微信扫码支付
聚乳酸:聚乳酸加工、制造和应用的实用指南-Polylactic Acid: A Practical Guide for the Processing, Manufacturing, and Appli
支付金额: 共计:¥0.0

添加收藏

创建新合集