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互助:进化的因素-Mutual Aid: a Factor of Evolution

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上传于 2020-03-02 28次下载 3442次围观
文件编号:5628
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标题(title):Mutual Aid: a Factor of Evolution
互助:进化的因素
作者(author):Peter Kropotkin
出版社(publisher):Dover Publications
大小(size):545 kB (558510 bytes)
格式(extension):epub
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In this cornerstone of modern liberal social theory, Peter Kropotkin states that the most effective human and animal communities are essentially cooperative, rather than competitive. Kropotkin based this classic on his observations of natural phenomena and history, forming a work of stunning and well-reasoned scholarship. Essential to the understanding of human evolution as well as social organization, it offers a powerful counterpoint to the tenets of Social Darwinism. It also cites persuasive evidence of human nature's innate compatibility with anarchist society. "Kropotkin's basic argument is correct," noted evolutionary biologist Stephen Jay Gould. "Struggle does occur in many modes, and some lead to cooperation among members of a species as the best pathway to advantage for individuals.  Read more...
Abstract: In this cornerstone of modern liberal social theory, Peter Kropotkin states that the most effective human and animal communities are essentially cooperative, rather than competitive. Kropotkin based this classic on his observations of natural phenomena and history, forming a work of stunning and well-reasoned scholarship. Essential to the understanding of human evolution as well as social organization, it offers a powerful counterpoint to the tenets of Social Darwinism. It also cites persuasive evidence of human nature's innate compatibility with anarchist society. "Kropotkin's basic argument is correct," noted evolutionary biologist Stephen Jay Gould. "Struggle does occur in many modes, and some lead to cooperation among members of a species as the best pathway to advantage for individuals
Table of contents :
Content: Title Page
Copyright Page
Table of Contents
PREFACE TO THE 1914 EDITION
INTRODUCTION
I. MUTUAL AID AMONG ANIMALS
II. MUTUAL AID AMONG ANIMALS
III. MUTUAL AID AMONG SAVAGES
IV. MUTUAL AID AMONG THE BARBARIANS
V. MUTUAL AID IN THE MEDIÆVAL CITY
VI. MUTUAL AID IN THE MEDIÆVAL CITY
VII. MUTUAL AID AMONGST OURSELVES
VIII. MUTUAL AID AMONGST OURSELVES
CONCLUSION
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX B --
THE STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE IN HUMAN SOCIETY
INDEX.
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