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生物学:生命科学与生理学-Biology: science for life, with physiology

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上传于 2020-02-28 18次下载 3549次围观
文件编号:1955
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标题(title):Biology: science for life, with physiology
生物学:生命科学与生理学
作者(author):Belk, Colleen M.; Maier, Virginia Borden
出版社(publisher):Pearson
大小(size):51 MB (53621032 bytes)
格式(extension):pdf
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Learn biology through engaging stories. Coleen Belk and Virginia Borden Maier have helped students demystify biology for nearly twenty years in the classroom and ten years with their text, Biology: Science for Life with Physiology. In the new Fourth Edition, they continue to connect biology to intriguing stories and current issues, such as the case of Andrew Speaker and his involuntary quarantine for a deadly strain of tuberculosis...Learning outcomes, which are new to this edition and integrated within the book and online at MasteringBiology, guide your reading and allow you to assess your understanding biology. -- back cover.  Read more...
Abstract: Learn biology through engaging stories. Coleen Belk and Virginia Borden Maier have helped students demystify biology for nearly twenty years in the classroom and ten years with their text, Biology: Science for Life with Physiology. In the new Fourth Edition, they continue to connect biology to intriguing stories and current issues, such as the case of Andrew Speaker and his involuntary quarantine for a deadly strain of tuberculosis...Learning outcomes, which are new to this edition and integrated within the book and online at MasteringBiology, guide your reading and allow you to assess your understanding biology. -- back cover
Table of contents :
Content: Machine generated contents note: ch. 1 Can Science Cure the Common Cold? --
Introduction to the Scientific Method --
1.1. Process of Science --
Nature of Hypotheses --
Scientific Theories --
Logic of Hypothesis Tests --
1.2. Hypothesis Testing --
Experimental Method --
Controlled Experiments --
Minimizing Bias in Experimental Design --
Using Correlation to Test Hypotheses --
1.3. Understanding Statistics --
Overview: What Statistical Tests Can Tell Us --
Closer Look: Statistics --
What Statistical Tests Cannot Tell Us --
1.4. Evaluating Scientific Information --
Primary Sources --
Information from Anecdotes --
Science in the News --
Understanding Science from Secondary Sources --
1.5. Is There a Cure for the Common Cold? --
Chapter Review --
Unit One Chemistry and Cells --
ch. 2 Are We Alone in the Universe? --
Water, Biochemistry, and Cells --
2.1. What Does Life Require? --
Definition of Life --
Properties of Water --
Acids, Bases, and Salts --
Organic Chemistry --
Closer Look: Chemical Bonds --
Structure and Function of Macromolecules --
2.2. Life on Earth --
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells --
Cell Structure --
Tree of Life and Evolutionary Theory --
Chapter Review --
ch. 3 Is It Possible to Supplement Your Way to Better Health? --
Nutrients and Membrane Transport --
3.1. Nutrients --
Macronutrients --
Micronutrients --
Antioxidants --
3.2. Transport Across Membranes --
Overview: Membrane Transport --
Closer Look: Membrane Transport --
You Are What You Eat --
Chapter Review --
ch. 4 Fat: How Much Is Right for You? --
Enzymes, Metabolism, and Cellular Respiration --
4.1. Enzymes and Metabolism --
Enzymes --
Calories and Metabolic Rate --
4.2. Cellular Respiration --
Structure and Function of ATP --
Overview: Cellular Respiration --
Closer Look: Glycolysis, the Citric Acid Cycle, and Electron Transport and ATP Synthesis --
Metabolism of Other Nutrients --
Metabolism Without Oxygen: Anaerobic Respiration and Fermentation --
4.3. Body Fat and Health --
Evaluating How Much Body Fat Is Healthful --
Obesity --
Anorexia and Bulimia --
Achieving Ideal Weight --
Chapter Review --
ch. 5 Life in the Greenhouse --
Photosynthesis and Global Warming --
5.1. Greenhouse Effect --
Water, Heat, and Temperature --
5.2. Flow of Carbon --
5.3. Can Photosynthesis Reduce the Risk of Global Warming? --
Chloroplasts: The Site of Photosynthesis --
Overview: Photosynthesis --
Closer Look: The Two Steps of Photosynthesis --
5.4. How Global Warming Might Reduce Photosynthesis --
5.5. Decreasing the Effects of Global Warming --
Chapter Review --
Unit Two Genetics --
ch. 6 Cancer DNA Synthesis, Mitosis, and Meiosis --
6.1. What Is Cancer? --
Tumors Can Be Cancerous --
Risk Factors for Cancer --
6.2. Passing Genes and Chromosomes to Daughter Cells --
Genes and Chromosomes --
DNA Replication --
6.3. Cell Cycle and Mitosis --
Interphase --
Mitosis --
Cytokinesis --
6.4. Cell-Cycle Control and Mutation --
Overview: Controls in the Cell Cycle --
Closer Look: At Mutations to Cell-Cycle Control Genes --
Cancer Development Requires Many Mutations --
6.5. Cancer Detection and Treatment --
Detection Methods: Biopsy --
Treatment Methods: Chemotherapy and Radiation --
6.6. Meiosis --
Interphase --
Meiosis I --
Meiosis II --
Crossing Over and Random Alignment --
Mistakes in Meiosis --
Chapter Review --
ch. 7 Are You Only as Smart as Your Genes? --
Mendelian and Quantitative Genetics --
7.1. Inheritance of Traits --
Genes and Chromosomes --
Producing Diversity in Offspring --
7.2. Mendelian Genetics: When the Role of Genes Is Clear --
Genotype and Phenotype --
Genetic Diseases in Humans --
Using Punnett Squares to Predict Offspring Genotypes --
7.3. Quantitative Genetics: When Genes and Environment Interact --
Overview: Why Traits Are Quantitative --
Closer Look: Using Correlations to Calculate the Heritability of Intelligence --
7.4. Genes, Environment, and the Individual --
Use and Misuse of Heritability --
How Do Genes Matter? --
Chapter Review --
ch. 8 DNA Detective --
Complex Patterns of Inheritance and DNA Fingerprinting --
8.1. Extensions of Mendelian Genetics --
8.2. Sex Determination and Sex Linkage --
Chromosomes and Sex Determination --
Sex Linkage --
8.3. Pedigrees --
8.4. DNA Fingerprinting --
Overview: DNA Fingerprinting --
Closer Look: DNA Fingerprinting --
DNA Fingerprinting Evidence Helped --
Solve the Romanov Mystery --
Chapter Review --
ch. 9 Genetically Modified Organisms --
Gene Expression, Mutation, and Cloning --
9.1. Protein Synthesis and Gene Expression --
From Gene to Protein --
Transcription --
Translation --
Mutations --
Overview: Gene Expression --
Closer Look: Regulating Gene Expression --
9.2. Producing Recombinant Proteins --
Cloning a Gene Using Bacteria --
9.3. Genetically Modified Foods --
Why Genetically Modify Crop Plants? --
Modifying Crop Plants with the Ti Plasmid and Gene Gun --
Effect of GMOs on Health --
GM Crops and the Environment --
9.4. Genetically Modified Humans --
Stem Cells --
Human Genome Project --
Gene Therapy --
Cloning Humans --
Chapter Review --
Unit Three Evolution --
ch. 10 Where Did We Come From? --
Evidence for Evolution --
10.1. What Is Evolution? --
Process of Evolution --
Theory of Evolution --
10.2. Charles Darwin and the Theory of Evolution --
Early Views of Evolution --
Voyage of the Beagle --
Developing the Hypothesis of Common Descent --
Alternative Ideas on the Origins and Relationships among Organisms --
10.3. Examining the Evidence for Common Descent --
Linnaean Classification --
Anatomical Homology --
Developmental Homologies --
Molecular Homology --
Biogeography --
Fossil Record --
Overview: Radiometric Dating --
Closer Look: Radiometric Dating and the Human Pedigree --
10.4. Are Alternatives to the Theory of Evolution Equally Valid? --
Weighing the Alternatives --
Best Scientific Explanation for the Diversity of Life --
Chapter Review --
ch. 11 Evolving Enemy --
Natural Selection --
11.1. Return of a Killer --
What Is Tuberculosis? --
Treatment --
and Treatment Failure --
11.2. Natural Selection Causes Evolution --
Four Observations and an Inference --
Darwin's Inference: Natural Selection Causes Evolution --
Testing Natural Selection --
11.3. Natural Selection Since Darwin --
Modern Synthesis --
Overview: The Subtleties of Natural Selection --
Closer Look: Subtleties of Natural Selection --
Patterns of Selection --
11.4. Natural Selection and Human Health --
Tuberculosis Fits Darwin's Observations --
Selecting for Drug Resistance --
Stopping Drug Resistance --
Can Natural Selection Save Us from Superbugs? --
Chapter Review --
ch. 12 Who Am I? --
Species and Races --
12.1. What Is a Species? --
Biological Species Concept --
Overview: Speciation --
Closer Look: Speciation --
12.2. Are Human Races Biological? --
History of Human Races --
Morphological Species Concept --
Modern Humans: A History --
Genetic Evidence of Divergence --
Using the Hardy-Weinberg Theorem to Calculate Allele Frequencies --
Human Races Are Not Isolated Biological Groups --
Human Races Have Never Been Truly Isolated --
12.3. Why Human Groups Differ --
Natural Selection --
Convergent Evolution --
Genetic Drift --
Sexual Selection --
Assortative Mating --
Chapter Review --
ch. 13 Prospecting for Biological Gold --
Biodiversity and Classification --
13.1. Biological Classification --
How Many Species Exist? --
Overview: Kingdoms and Domains --
Closer Look: Kingdoms and Domains --
13.2. Diversity of Life --
Domains Bacteria and Archaea --
Origin of the Domain Eukarya --
Kingdom Protista --
Kingdom Animalia --
Kingdom Fungi --
Kingdom Plantae --
Not Quite Living: Viruses --
13.3. Learning About Species --
Fishing for Useful Products --
Understanding Ecology --
Reconstructing Evolutionary History --
Learning from the Shamans --
Chapter Review --
Unit Four Ecology --
ch. 14 Is the Human Population Too Large? --
Population Ecology --
14.1. Growing Human Population --
Population Structure --
Overview: Exponential Population Growth --
Closer Look: Exponential Population Growth --
Demographic Transition --
14.2. Limits to Population Growth --
Carrying Capacity and Logistic Growth --
Earth's Carrying Capacity for Humans --
14.3. Future of the Human Population --
Possible Population Crash? --
Avoiding Disaster --
Chapter Review --
ch. 15 Conserving Biodiversity --
Community and Ecosystem Ecology --
15.1. Sixth Extinction --
Measuring Extinction Rates --
Causes of
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