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论社会契约-On the Social Contract

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上传于 2020-02-28 32次下载 2297次围观
文件编号:1796
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标题(title):On the Social Contract
论社会契约
作者(author):Jean-Jacques Rousseau
出版社(publisher):Dover Publications
大小(size):559 kB (571971 bytes)
格式(extension):epub
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"Man was born free, but everywhere he is in chains. This man believes that he is the master of others, and still he is more of a slave than they are. How did that transformation take place? I don't know. How may the restraints on man become legitimate? I do believe I can answer that question ..." Thus begins Rousseau's influential 1762 work, Du Contract Social. Arguing that all government is fundamentally flawed, and that modern society is based on a system that fosters inequality and servitude, Rousseau demands nothing less than a complete revision of the social contract to ensure equality and freedom. Noting that government derives its authority by the people's willing consent (rather than the authorization of God), Rousseau posits that a good government can justify its need for individual compromises, rewarding its citizens with "civil liberty and the proprietorship of all he possesses." The controversial philosopher further suggests that promoting social settings in which people transcend their immediate appetites and desires lead to the development of self-governing, self-disciplined beings. A milestone of political science, these essays introduced the inflammatory ideas that led to the chaos of the French Revolution, and are considered essential reading for students of history, philosophy, and other social sciences.  Read more...
Abstract: "Man was born free, but everywhere he is in chains. This man believes that he is the master of others, and still he is more of a slave than they are. How did that transformation take place? I don't know. How may the restraints on man become legitimate? I do believe I can answer that question ..." Thus begins Rousseau's influential 1762 work, Du Contract Social. Arguing that all government is fundamentally flawed, and that modern society is based on a system that fosters inequality and servitude, Rousseau demands nothing less than a complete revision of the social contract to ensure equality and freedom. Noting that government derives its authority by the people's willing consent (rather than the authorization of God), Rousseau posits that a good government can justify its need for individual compromises, rewarding its citizens with "civil liberty and the proprietorship of all he possesses." The controversial philosopher further suggests that promoting social settings in which people transcend their immediate appetites and desires lead to the development of self-governing, self-disciplined beings. A milestone of political science, these essays introduced the inflammatory ideas that led to the chaos of the French Revolution, and are considered essential reading for students of history, philosophy, and other social sciences
Table of contents :
Content: Title Page
Copyright Page
Note
Table of Contents
Foreword
BOOK I
I --
SUBJECT OF THE FIRST BOOK
II --
THE FIRST SOCIETIES
III --
THE RIGHT OF THE STRONGEST
IV --
SLAVERY
V --
THAT WE MUST ALWAYS GO BACK TO A FIRST CONVENTION
VI --
THE SOCIAL COMPACT
VII --
THE SOVEREIGN
VIII --
THE CIVIL STATE
IX --
REAL PROPERTY
BOOK II
I --
THAT SOVEREIGNTY IS INALIENABLE
II --
THAT SOVEREIGNTY IS INDIVISIBLE
III --
WHETHER THE GENERAL WILL IS FALLIBLE
IV --
THE LIMITS OF THE SOVEREIGN POWER
V --
THE RIGHT OF LIFE AND DEATH
VI --
LAW
VII --
THE LEGISLATOR
VIII --
THE PEOPLE. IX --
THE PEOPLE (continued)X --
THE PEOPLE (continued)
XI --
THE VARIOUS SYSTEMS OF LEGISLATION
XII --
THE DIVISION OF THE LAWS
BOOK III
I --
GOVERNMENT IN GENERAL
II --
THE CONSITUENT PRINCIPLE IN THE VARIOUS FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
III --
THE DIVISION OF GOVERNMENTS
IV --
DEMOCRACY
V --
ARISTOCRACY
VI --
MONARCHY
VII --
MIXED GOVERNMENTS
VIII --
THAT ALL FORMS OF GOVERNMENT DO NOT SUIT ALL COUNTRIES
IX --
THE MARKS OF A GOOD GOVERNMENT
X --
THE ABUSE OF GOVERNMENT AND ITS TENDENCY TO DEGENERATE
XI --
THE DEATH OF THE BODY POLITIC
XII --
HOW THE SOVEREIGN AUTHORITY MAINTAINS ITSELF. XIII --
THE SAME (continued)XIV --
THE SAME (continued)
XV --
DEPUTIES OR REPRESENTATIVES
XVI --
THAT THE INSTITUTION OF GOVERNMENT IS NOT A CONTRACT
XVII --
THE INSTITUTION OF GOVERNMENT
XVIII --
HOW TO CHECK THE USURPATIONS OF GOVERNMENT
BOOK IV
I --
THAT THE GENERAL WILL IS INDESTRUCTIBLE
II --
VOTING
III --
ELECTIONS
IV --
THE ROMAN COMITIA
V --
THE TRIBUNATE
VI --
THE DICTATORSHIP
VII --
THE CENSORSHIP
VIII --
CIVIL RELIGION
IX --
CONCLUSION
DOVER THRIFT EDITIONS.
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