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从历史的角度看伊斯兰教-Islam: In Light Of History

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标题(title):Islam: In Light Of History
从历史的角度看伊斯兰教
作者(author):Rafat Amari
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Table of contents :
Tarikh al-Tabari, I, page 194......Page 489
Tarikh al-Tabari, I, pages 317 and 318......Page 490
James Montgomery, Arabia and the Bible, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1934, page 138......Page 493
Mohammed Abed Al Hamid Al Hamed, Saebet Harran Wa Ikhwan Al Safa, (Al Ahali, Damascus, Syria, 1998), page 30......Page 499
Apastamba, Prasna I, Patala 3, Khanda 9, 28, Sacred Laws of the Aryas, Part I, Translated by Georg Buhler, The Sacred Books of the East, Volume 2, Published by Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, page 35......Page 504
Sahih al-Bukhari, 4, page 238......Page 506
Bukhari, 6, page 140......Page 508
PART I- The Unreliability of the Qur’an and the Writers of the Islamic Tradition Regarding History ..…….………..…….22......Page 3
PART IV - The Case of the Ishmaelites and Islam …..…... 284......Page 4
2 - The Filthy Bargain. …………………………………….. 455......Page 5
4 - Islam as the Newborn of the Jinn Religion of Arabia……………………….………………………………….. 485......Page 6
PART I......Page 23
The Bible as a Valid Resource for Ancient History......Page 24
BookmarkTitle:......Page 25
THOSE WHO REWROTE HISTORY FOR MUSLIMS......Page 62
STUDIES BY CLASSICAL WRITERS SHOW THAT MECCA COULD NOT HAVE BEEN BUILT BEFORE THE 4TH CENTURY A.D.
......Page 100
AGATHARCHIDES' SURVEY ON WESTERN ARABIA, AND THE ACCURACY OF HIS SURVEY AS A RELIABLE SOURCE FOR OUR STUDY.
......Page 107
Agatharchides describes a temple along the Gulf of Aqaba.......Page 111
BookmarkTitle:......Page 122
BookmarkTitle:......Page 123
PTOLEMY'S SURVEY AND THE LOCATION OF MACORABA......Page 137
The Cities of Qedar, Dedan and Teima......Page 145
KINGDOMS AND CITIES SOUTH OF MECCA MAINTAINED PLENTY OF HISTORICAL RECORDS......Page 149
Dilmun......Page 155
Magan......Page 156
ABSENCE OF MECCA IN ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORDS FOUND IN THE OTHER ANCIENT CITIES AND KINGDOMS OF ARABIA......Page 163
The Absence of Mecca in the Yemeni Inscriptions......Page 165
BookmarkTitle:......Page 174
The Persians occupied many parts of Arabia and had alliances with tribes and states, but Mecca is absent in their records.......Page 176
Mecca is Excluded From the Reports of the Second Millennium B.C.......Page 180
THE REIGN OF SARGON II AND ARABIA......Page 189
The Assyrian annals mention gifts or tributes paid by the King of Saba named Kariba’ilu. This king is Karib’il Water, well known in the Saba inscriptions. This is because of the Assyrian control of the land route boundaries of the Fertile Crescent. King Hazael of Qedar paid tributes to the Assyrian king, Sennacherib. After the defeat of his alliance with Queen Telehunu, Hazael resumed paying tributes to Sennacherib.......Page 192
THE REIGN OF ESARHADDON......Page 194
CHALDEAN RECORDS ALSO EXCLUDE ANY RECORD OF MECCA DURING THE 7TH AND 6TH CENTURIES B.C.......Page 200
BookmarkTitle:......Page 204
9______________________......Page 206
BookmarkTitle:......Page 240
The Kaabah and Allah as Expressions of the Arabian Star Family Worship......Page 252
THE KAABAH AS TEMPLE OF THE ARABIAN STAR FAMILY WORSHIP......Page 253
WHO WAS ALLAH IN THE WORSHIP OF ARABIA?......Page 257
  Mohammed's childhood also influenced what he taught. He fostered the idea that every night the sun and the moon go to the throne of Allah to worship. This seems to be an idea which he learned in his childhood, taught to him by his family. In one of his Hadiths he mentions that, when he was a child, the moon used to look at him and entertain him, and that he used to hear the noise of the moon when it prostrated itself before the throne of Allah to worship.343......Page 260
Sura Najm (star) in the Qur’an in which Mohammed recognized the daughters of Allah, representing two planets, and Ellat – Allah's wife – representing the sun, as intercessors to Allah.......Page 264
BookmarkTitle:......Page 267
THE ISHMAELITES AND THEIR EXISTENCE THROUGHOUT HISTORY......Page 268
A DISCUSSION OF THE CLAIMS THAT THE ARABS WERE DESCENDANTS OF ISHMAEL, AND THAT ISHMAEL WAS THE FOUNDATION FOR A MONOTHEISTIC FAITH.......Page 290
REFUTING THE ISLAMIC CLAIM ABOUT MOHAMMED AS DESCENDANT OF ISHMAEL......Page 314
BookmarkTitle:......Page 338
BookmarkTitle:......Page 347
THE GREAT PILGRIMAGE OF ISLAM......Page 348
Conclusion......Page 378
THE SMALL HAJJ CALLED UMRA' AND OCCULTISM AT MECCA......Page 381
Many years before writing it in the Qur’an, Mohammed encompassed the Safa and Marwa seven times because it was a rite his family and his grandfather observed. He conducted the Hajj starting at the Kaabah, encompassing it and kissing the two stones. Then he encompassed the two stones on the hills of Safa and Marwa.575 As we have seen, Mohammed followed the same rites which we saw were adopted by adherents of the occult Jinn-religion who started their Hajj by kissing the statues of Asaf and Naelah placed in the Temple of Mecca. The statues were placed on the same stones which Mohammed continued to revere and to kiss.......Page 401
Also, the authors who wrote about Mecca in pre-Islamic times spoke about the ceremonies which occurred in the Kaabah which are practiced today only in the temples of Satanism. For example, according to the authoritative book of al-Bukhari, when they encompassed the Kaabah, the marchers were to be naked, including the women.600 Also, according to the book Halabieh, the Kaabah was a place of fornication. If someone wanted to commit fornication, he could do so at the Kaabah.601 This reminds us of the fornication which occurred in the temples belonging to devil worship, and which supports the affiliation of Kaabah with the Jinn religion of Arabia. Arabic writers who tell us about Mecca describe the fornication of the women of the city.602 It seems these immoralities in the Kaabah had influenced the city.......Page 409
Ramadan has Pagan Roots in India and in the Middle East......Page 410
Ramadan was Originally an Annual Ritual Performed at the City of Harran. Similarities Between the Ramadan of Harran and the Islamic Ramadan......Page 411
The Rise of Islam......Page 416
THE EARLIER FOLLOWERS OF MOHAMMED AT MECCA AND JINN AS MUSLIMS......Page 417
THE FILTHY BARGAIN......Page 426
TO WHAT MORAL CATEGORY SHOULD MOHAMMED BE ASSIGNED?......Page 449
ISLAM AS THE NEWBORN OF THE JINN RELIGION OF ARABIA......Page 456
Index......Page 464

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