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坎贝尔沃尔什泌尿学-Campbell-Walsh Urology

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标题(title):Campbell-Walsh Urology
坎贝尔沃尔什泌尿学
作者(author):Alan Partin, Craig Peters, Louis Kavoussi, Roger Dmochowski, Alan Wein
出版社(publisher):Elsevier
大小(size):256 MB (268490360 bytes)
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From the basic science underpinnings to the most recent developments in medical and surgical care, Campbell-Walsh-Wein Urology offers a depth and breadth of coverage you won’t find in any other urology reference. Now in three manageable volumes, the revised 12th Edition is a must-have text for students, residents, and seasoned practitioners, with authoritative, up-to-date content in an intuitively organized, easy-to-read format featuring key points, quick-reference tables, and handy algorithms throughout.
Table of contents :
Instructions for online access......Page 17448
Title Page......Page 2
Table of Contents......Page 4
Copyright......Page 93
Dedication......Page 95
Preface......Page 97
Contributors......Page 99
Video Contents......Page 154
Volume I......Page 175
Part I Clinical Decision Making......Page 176
1 Evaluation of the Urologic Patient......Page 177
History......Page 178
Physical Examination......Page 204
Special Populations......Page 214
Conclusion......Page 216
References......Page 217
2 Evaluation of the Urologic Patient......Page 221
Urinalysis......Page 222
Chemical Examination of Urine......Page 226
Summary......Page 267
References......Page 268
3 Urinary Tract Imaging......Page 271
Conventional Radiography......Page 272
Radiation Management in Uroradiology......Page 274
Contrast Media......Page 278
Intravenous Urography......Page 298
Plain Abdominal Radiography......Page 300
Retrograde Pyelography......Page 303
Loopography......Page 307
Retrograde Urethrography......Page 309
Static Cystography......Page 311
Voiding Cystourethrogram......Page 313
Nuclear Scintigraphy......Page 315
Computed Tomography......Page 328
Magnetic Resonance Imaging......Page 340
Acknowledgments......Page 372
References......Page 373
4 Urinary Tract Imaging......Page 402
Brief History of Ultrasound in Urology......Page 403
Physical Principles......Page 406
Modes of Ultrasound......Page 420
Contrast Agents in Ultrasound......Page 429
Patient Safety......Page 432
Clinical Urologic Ultrasound......Page 434
Practice Accreditation......Page 465
Suggested Readings......Page 468
References......Page 469
5 Urinary Tract Imaging......Page 479
Principles of Single Photon and PET Imaging......Page 480
Functional Imaging of the Kidneys......Page 483
Infection Imaging......Page 494
Molecular Imaging of Genitourinary Malignancies......Page 496
References......Page 508
6 Assessment of Urologic and Surgical Outcomes......Page 520
Establishing a Conceptual Framework for Assessing the Effectiveness of Treatment and Improving Care in Urology......Page 522
Long-Term Disease Outcomes That Are Commonly Assessed in Urology......Page 525
Commonly Assessed Short-Term Outcomes......Page 537
Patient-Reported Outcomes......Page 546
Other Outcomes of Interest in Urology......Page 562
References......Page 565
7 Ethics and Informed Consent......Page 589
Medical Ethics......Page 590
Informed Consent......Page 597
References......Page 603
Part II Basics of Urologic Surgery......Page 606
8 Principles of Urologic Surgery......Page 607
Preoperative Evaluation......Page 608
Presurgical Testing......Page 609
Preoperative Cardiovascular Evaluation......Page 613
Pulmonary Evaluation......Page 616
Hepatobiliary Evaluation......Page 617
Special Populations......Page 619
Preparation for Surgery......Page 623
Intraoperative Management......Page 632
Acknowledgments......Page 660
Suggested Readings......Page 661
References......Page 662
9 Principles of Urologic Surgery......Page 676
Abdominal Incisions......Page 677
Anterior Approaches to the Kidney and Retroperitoneum......Page 685
Flank Incisions......Page 690
Inguinal Incisions......Page 694
Incisions for Specific Surgeries......Page 698
Suggested Readings......Page 707
References......Page 708
10 Principles of Urologic Surgery......Page 714
Patient Environment......Page 716
Blood Products......Page 722
Drains......Page 727
Suture Material and Incision Closure......Page 729
References......Page 739
11 Lower Urinary Tract Catheterization......Page 744
History......Page 746
Anatomic Considerations......Page 747
Indications for Lower Urinary Tract Drainage......Page 748
Technique of Urethral Catheterization......Page 750
Suprapubic Catheterization......Page 761
Difficult Catheterization......Page 764
Complications of Lower Urinary Tract Drainage......Page 770
References......Page 773
12 Fundamentals of Upper Urinary Tract Drainage......Page 777
Percutaneous Renal Access and Drainage......Page 779
Retrograde Renal Access and Drainage......Page 849
References......Page 855
13 Principles of Urologic Endoscopy......Page 895
Introduction......Page 897
History of Endoscopy......Page 898
Basic Equipment and Video-Endoscopic Systems......Page 900
Cystourethroscopy......Page 903
Upper-Tract Endoscopy......Page 917
Conclusion......Page 947
Suggested Readings......Page 948
References......Page 949
14 Fundamentals of Laparoscopic and Robotic Urologic Surgery......Page 961
Preoperative Preparation......Page 963
Operating Room......Page 969
Strategic Placement of Operative Team and Equipment......Page 972
Performing the Procedure......Page 980
Physiologic Considerations in the Adult......Page 1034
Complications and Troubleshooting in Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery......Page 1045
Training and Practicing Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery......Page 1080
Conclusion......Page 1088
Acknowledgment......Page 1089
Suggested Readings......Page 1090
References......Page 1093
15 Basic Energy Modalities in Urologic Surgery......Page 1122
Tissue Dissection and Cauterization......Page 1124
Intracorporeal Lithotripters......Page 1144
Pneumatic Lithotripsy......Page 1150
Ultrasonic Lithotripsy......Page 1156
Holmium:YAG and Erbium:YAG Laser Lithotripsy......Page 1160
Dual-Modality Lithotripters......Page 1171
Suggested Readings......Page 1176
References......Page 1179
16 Evaluation and Management of Hematuria......Page 1199
Classification and Timing of Hematuria......Page 1201
Microscopic Hematuria......Page 1202
Guideline-Based Evaluation of Patients With Microhematuria......Page 1211
Symptomatic Microscopic Hematuria......Page 1218
Gross Hematuria......Page 1219
Hemorrhagic Cystitis......Page 1220
Hematuria From Prostatic Origin......Page 1228
Urethral Bleeding......Page 1234
Hematuria Originating From the Upper Urinary Tract......Page 1237
Suggested Readings......Page 1242
References......Page 1243
17 Complications of Urologic Surgery......Page 1260
Classification of Complications......Page 1264
Physiologic Complications......Page 1267
Positional and Neuromuscular Complications......Page 1268
Urinary Complications......Page 1274
Urine Leaks After Upper Tract Urologic Surgery......Page 1275
Ureteral Injuries......Page 1281
Lower Tract Urinary Complications......Page 1288
Vascular Complications......Page 1295
Bowel Injuries......Page 1316
Conclusion......Page 1334
References......Page 1335
18 Urologic Considerations in Pregnancy......Page 1349
Physiologic Changes During Pregnancy......Page 1351
Physiologic Hydronephrosis of Pregnancy......Page 1358
General Considerations for Imaging of the Pregnant Patient......Page 1360
General Concepts for Surgical Management of the Pregnant Patient......Page 1362
General Concepts of Urologic Medication Administration During Pregnancy......Page 1365
Urolithiasis in Pregnancy......Page 1367
Pregnancy in Women With Congenital Urologic Conditions......Page 1375
Functional and Anatomic Urologic Concerns During Pregnancy......Page 1386
Urologic Malignancy During Pregnancy......Page 1389
Management of Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancy......Page 1394
Urologic Management of Placental Abnormalities......Page 1397
Acknowledgments......Page 1401
References......Page 1402
19 Intraoperative Consultation......Page 1425
Ethical Considerations......Page 1429
Decision Making......Page 1430
Documentation......Page 1434
Urethral Injury......Page 1437
Bladder Injury......Page 1440
Ureteral Injury......Page 1444
Renal Injury......Page 1452
Placental Cases......Page 1454
References......Page 1457
Part III Pediatric Urology......Page 1464
Section A Development and Prenatal Urology......Page 1465
20 Embryology of the Genitourinary Tract......Page 1466
Development of the External Genitalia......Page 1470
Development of the Female External Genitalia......Page 1480
Development of the Human Prostate......Page 1485
Development of the Human Seminal Vesicle......Page 1496
Development of the Gonads......Page 1497
Müllerian Structures (Female Internal Genitalia)......Page 1510
Development of the Ureter......Page 1530
Kidneys......Page 1538
Acknowledgment......Page 1556
Suggested Readings......Page 1557
References......Page 1558
21 Urologic Aspects of Pediatric Nephrology......Page 1582
Introduction......Page 1584
Renal Function, Fluid, and Electrolyte Homeostasis......Page 1585
Hematuria (Microscopic and Gross)......Page 1590
Proteinuria......Page 1594
Glomerular Disease......Page 1597
Tubulopathies......Page 1611
Cystic Renal Disease......Page 1615
Urolithiasis: Medical Management......Page 1618
Hypertension......Page 1623
Acute Kidney Injury......Page 1628
Chronic Kidney Disease......Page 1633
End-Stage Renal Disease: Dialysis and Renal Transplantation......Page 1638
Summary......Page 1644
Suggested Readings......Page 1645
References......Page 1647
22 Perinatal Urology......Page 1656
Prenatal Imaging......Page 1658
Grading Systems......Page 1662
Prenatal Multidisciplinary Consultations......Page 1669
Urinary Tract Dilation......Page 1672
Postnatal Evaluation and Management......Page 1685
Management Recommendations for Postnatal Urinary Tract Dilation......Page 1693
Key Conditions......Page 1699
Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction (Posterior Urethral Valve, Prune Belly Syndrome, Urethral Stenosis/Atresi
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