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有意义的游戏:用博弈论探索语言-Meaningful Games: Exploring Language with Game Theory文件编号:499

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标题(title):Meaningful Games: Exploring Language with Game Theory
有意义的游戏:用博弈论探索语言
作者(author):Clark, Robin Lee
出版社(publisher):MIT Press
大小(size):4 MB (4700987 bytes)
格式(extension):pdf
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Table of contents :
Content: Cover
Contents
Preface
Acknowledgments
I: THE SOCIAL SIDE OF MEANING
1- Platonic Heaven
The Puzzle of Reference
Use, Mention, and Truth
The Language of Thought
Concepts, Mentalese, and the Informational Universe
Language and the World
Platonic Heaven in a Box
Inferences and Mentalese
Further Reading
2- My Fall from Platonic Heaven
Phrase Structure Grammar
Grammar and Compositionality
Thinking and Computing
The Heaven in Your Head
Brains in SUVs
Symbols and Proofs
Into the Chinese Room
The Social Nature of Intention
The Excesses of Youth
Further Reading. 3- Meaning and the Social ContractChoice and Meaning
Internal Predicates and External Behavior
Public Knowledge
The Economics of Meaning
Physical Computation and Social Computation
The Sociolinguistics of Meaning
Further Reading
II: GAMES AND TRUTH
4- A Primer on Games
The Cake Game
Sequential Games and Backward Induction
The Holmes-Moriarty Game
''Ideal Free'' Ducks and Mixed Strategy Nash Equilibria
Mixed Strategy Nash Equilibria and Language Variation
Coordination Games
The Prisoner's Dilemma
Cooperation: The Stag Hunt
Case Marking Systems
Further Reading. 5- A Game Logic for Natural LanguageThe Tale of Abe ́lard and Eloı&lt
U+007b&gt
se
Syntax
Games and Models
Atomic Sentences
Negation
Logical Connectives
The Aristotelian Square of Opposition
Prospects
Ambiguity
Monotonicity
Compositionality
Limitations
Further Reading
III: GAMES AND THE WORLD
6- Common Knowledge
Coordinated Attack
Definite Descriptions and the Mutual Knowledge Paradox
Common Knowledge and Bounded Rationality
Miscommunication
Presuppositions and Accommodation
Further Reading
7- Lexical Games
Games for Finding Words
Orderly Communication and Utility
Playing the Odds. Clues from the ContextBack to Descriptions and Common Knowledge
Equilibrium Selection and Implicature
Down the Garden Path
Further Reading
8- Two Examples: Pronouns and Politeness
Discourse Pronouns
Politeness, Power, and Implicature
On Game-Theoretic Analysis
Further Reading
9- The Social Ecology of Meaning
Games and Prototypes
Metrics, Central Tendencies, and Focal Points
Semantic Landscapes and Meaning Niches
Semantic Hierarchies and Defaults
Homophones and Polysemy
Into the Artificial World
Further Reading
Notes
References
Index.

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