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粒子与核:物理概念导论-Particles and Nuclei: An Introduction to the Physical Concepts文件编号:284

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标题(title):Particles and Nuclei: An Introduction to the Physical Concepts
粒子与核:物理概念导论
作者(author):Bogdan Povh, Klaus Rith, Christoph Scholz, Frank Zetsche, Werner Rodejohann (auth.)
出版社(publisher):Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
大小(size):10 MB (10616962 bytes)
格式(extension):pdf
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This well-known introductory textbook gives a uniform presentation of nuclear and particle physics from an experimental point of view.
The first part, Analysis, is devoted to disentangling the substructure of matter. This part shows that experiments designed to uncover the substructures of nuclei and nucleons have a similar conceptual basis, and lead to the present picture of all matter being constructed from a small number of elementary building blocks and a small number of fundamental interactions.

The second part, Synthesis, shows how the elementary particles may be combined to build hadrons and nuclei. The fundamental interactions, which are responsible for the forces in all systems, become less and less evident in increasingly complex systems. Such systems are in fact dominated by many-body phenomena. A section on neutrino oscillations and one on nuclear matter at high temperatures bridge the field of "nuclear and particle physics" and "modem astrophysics and cosmology.



The seventh revised and extended edition includes new material, in particular the experimental verification of the Higgs particle at the LHC, recent results in neutrino physics, the violation of CP-symmetry in the decay of neutral B-mesons, the experimental investigations of the nucleon's spin structure and outstanding results of the HERA experiments in deep-inelastic electron- and positron-proton scattering. The concise text is based on lectures held at the University of Heidelberg and includes numerous exercises with worked answers. It has been translated into several languages and has become a standard reference for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses.


Table of contents :
Front Matter....Pages i-xiii
Hors d’œuvre....Pages 1-7
Front Matter....Pages 9-9
Global Properties of Nuclei....Pages 11-23
Nuclear Stability....Pages 25-40
Scattering....Pages 41-53
Geometric Shapes of Nuclei....Pages 55-74
Elastic Scattering Off Nucleons....Pages 75-86
Deep-Inelastic Scattering....Pages 87-101
Quarks, Gluons, and the Strong Interaction....Pages 103-122
Particle Production in e+e− Collisions....Pages 123-138
Phenomenology of the Weak Interaction....Pages 139-165
Neutrino Oscillations and Neutrino Mass....Pages 167-184
Exchange Bosons of the Weak Interaction and the Higgs Boson....Pages 185-205
The Standard Model....Pages 207-211
Front Matter....Pages 213-213
Quarkonia....Pages 215-232
Mesons....Pages 233-251
Baryons....Pages 253-285
The Nuclear Force....Pages 287-301
The Structure of Nuclei....Pages 303-345
Collective Nuclear Excitations....Pages 347-372
Nuclear Thermodynamics....Pages 373-400
Front Matter....Pages 213-213
Many-Body Systems in the Strong Interaction....Pages 401-404
Back Matter....Pages 405-458


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