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城市文化-The Culture of Cities文件编号:234

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标题(title):The Culture of Cities
城市文化
作者(author):Lewis Mumford
出版社(publisher):Open Road Integrated Media
大小(size):934 kB (956515 bytes)
格式(extension):epub
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A visionary survey of urbanism from the Middle Ages to the late 1930s, with a new introduction by Thomas Fisher Considered among the greatest works of Lewis Mumford--a prolific historian, sociologist, philosopher of technology, and longtime architecture critic for the New Yorker--The Culture of Cities is a call for communal action to?rebuild the urban world on a sounder human foundation.? First published in 1938, this radical investigation into the human environment is based on firsthand surveys of North American and European locales, as well as extensive historical and technological research. Mumford takes readers from the compact, worker-friendly streets of medieval hamlets to the symmetrical neoclassical avenues of Renaissance cities. He studies the squalor of nineteenth-century factory towns and speculates on the fate of the booming twentieth-century Megalopolis--whose impossible scale, Mumford believes, can only lead to its collapse into a?Nekropolis,? a monstrosity of living death. A civic visionary, Mumford is credited with some of the earliest proposals for ecological urban planning and the appropriate use of technology to create balanced living environments. In the final chapters of The Culture of Cities, he outlines possible paths toward utopian future cities that could be free of the stressors of the Megalopolis, in sync with the rhythms of daily life, powered by clean energy, integrated with agricultural regions, and full of honest and comfortable housing for the working class. The principles set forth by these visions, once applied to Nazi-occupied Europe's razed cities, are still relevant today as technological advances and overpopulation change the nature of urban life.  Read more...
Abstract: A visionary survey of urbanism from the Middle Ages to the late 1930s, with a new introduction by Thomas Fisher Considered among the greatest works of Lewis Mumford--a prolific historian, sociologist, philosopher of technology, and longtime architecture critic for the New Yorker--The Culture of Cities is a call for communal action to?rebuild the urban world on a sounder human foundation.? First published in 1938, this radical investigation into the human environment is based on firsthand surveys of North American and European locales, as well as extensive historical and technological research. Mumford takes readers from the compact, worker-friendly streets of medieval hamlets to the symmetrical neoclassical avenues of Renaissance cities. He studies the squalor of nineteenth-century factory towns and speculates on the fate of the booming twentieth-century Megalopolis--whose impossible scale, Mumford believes, can only lead to its collapse into a?Nekropolis,? a monstrosity of living death. A civic visionary, Mumford is credited with some of the earliest proposals for ecological urban planning and the appropriate use of technology to create balanced living environments. In the final chapters of The Culture of Cities, he outlines possible paths toward utopian future cities that could be free of the stressors of the Megalopolis, in sync with the rhythms of daily life, powered by clean energy, integrated with agricultural regions, and full of honest and comfortable housing for the working class. The principles set forth by these visions, once applied to Nazi-occupied Europe's razed cities, are still relevant today as technological advances and overpopulation change the nature of urban life
Table of contents :
Content: Cover Page --
Title Page --
Contents --
Series Introduction --
Introduction --
Preface to the 1970 Edition --
Introduction --
Chapter I. Protection and the Medieval Town --
1: Stripping Off the Medieval Myth --
2: The Need for Protection --
3: The "Increase of Population and Wealth" --
4: Lordly Scadders and Medieval New Edens --
5: Domination of the Church --
6: The Service of the Guild --
7: Medieval Domesticity --
8: Hygiene and Sanitation --
9: Principles of Medieval Town Planning --
10: Control of Growth and Expansion --
11: The Stage and the Drama --
12: What Overthrew the Medieval City? --
Chapter II. Court, Parade, and Capital --
1: The Afterglow of the Middle Ages --
2: Territory and City --
3: Instruments of Coercion --
4: War as City-Builder --
5: The Ideology of Power --
6: Movement and the Avenue --
7: The Shopping Parade --
8: The New Divinity --
9: Position of the Palace --
10: Influence of the Palace on the City --
11: Bedroom and Salon --
12: The Muddle of Speculative Overcrowding --
13: The Baroque Plan --
14: Architectural Forms --
15: What Saved the Olympians --
16: Fulfillment and Renewal --
Chapter III. The Insensate Industrial Town --
1: The Displacement of Population --
2: Mechanization and Abbau --
3: The Postulates of Utilitarianism --
4: The Technics of Agglomeration --
5: Factory and Slum --
6: Houses of Ill-Fame --
7: Resistance to Barbarism --
8: The Minimum of Life --
9: Paleotechnic Drama --
10: The Non-Plan of the Non-City --
11: A Close-up of Coketown --
12: The Old Curiosity Shop --
13: The Triumph of Iron --
14: Far from the Madding Crowd --
15: The Woodlanders --
16: Reaction --
Chapter IV. Rise and Fall of Megalopolis --
1: The New Coalition --
2: The Tentacular Bureaucracy --
3: Shapeless Giantism --
4: Means of Congestion --
5: The Costs of Costiveness --
6: The Blighted Area. 7: The Acceptance of Depletion --
8: Defacement of Nature --
9: The Paper Dream City --
10: The Acquisitiveness of a Sick Metropolis --
11: Routine and Relaxation --
12: The Poison of Vicarious Vitality --
13: A Brief Outline of Hell --
14: Phenomena of the End --
15: Cycle of Growth and Decay --
16: Possibilities of Renewal --
17: Signs of Salvage --
Chapter V. The Regional Framework of Civilization --
1: New Patterns of Life and Thought --
2: The Regional Outlook --
3: The Region as a Geographic Unit --
4: The City as a Geographic Fact --
5: The Earth as Home --
6: The Landscape: A Cultural Resource --
7: The Economic Region --
8: Power as Region-Builder --
Chapter VI. The Politics of Regional Development --
1: Regionalism and Politics --
2: The Process of Regionalization --
3: The Postulates of Regionalism --
4: Regional Planning: A New Task --
5: Survey and Plan as Communal Education --
6: Conditions of Urban Re-building --
7: The New Method of City Development-Garden City --
Chapter VII. Social Basis of the New Urban Order --
1: Architecture as Symbol --
2: Principles of Modern Form-Economy --
3: The Rôle of Hygiene --
4: The Prolongation of Youth --
5: Bi-polar Domesticity --
6: The Death of the Monument --
7: Flexibility and Renewal --
8: The Mission of the Museum --
9: The Undifferentiated Background --
10: Individuation and Socialization --
11: From a Money-Economy to Life-Economy --
12: Modern Housing by Communities --
13: The School as Community Nucleus --
14: The Social Concept of the City --
15: Contrapuntal Organization --
16: Principles of Urban Order --
Glossary --
Bibliography --
Index --
Acknowledgments --
About the Authors --
Copyright Page.

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